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Today’s Motto: ‘If you don’t play, you can’t win’.

As each day makes a new beginning in life, it brings new opportunities, opens new avenues, to perform and make a mark, to write a Page in History Book!

This is Your Day-TODAY: Take a Determined Step Forward and Make History!

On this day, June 22 ………

1555 – Humayun crossed the Indus and captured Lahore and ousted Sikandar Suri of Delhi throne.

1633 – Galileo Galilei was forced to recant his Copernican views that the Earth orbits the Sun by the Pope. He was forced to “abjure, curse, and detest” his Copernican heliocentric views.
1675 – The Royal Greenwich Observatory was created by Royal Warrant in England by Charles II. Apart from other contributions, it established the longitude of Greenwich as a baseline for time calculations.

1815 – 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo).
1841 – The first U.S. patent for a typesetting machine was issued to Frenchman Adrien Delcambre and Englishman James Hadden Young.

1897 – The Chafekar brothers, Damodar and Balkrishna, shot British Officer Rand in Pune. This event played a very important role in the revolutionary freedom struggle. (In late 1896, Pune was hit by bubonic plague. By the end of February 1897, the epidemic was raging, with a mortality rate double the norm. Half the population of the city left. A Special Plague Committee was formed, under the chairmanship of W. C. Rand, an Indian Civil Services officer. Troops were brought in to deal with the emergency. The measures employed included forced entry into private houses, forced stripping and examination of occupants – including women – by British officers in public. These measures were considered oppressive by the populace of Pune and complaints were ignored by Rand. On 22 June 1897, the Diamond Jubilee of the coronation of Queen Victoria, Rand and his military escort Lt. Ayerst were shot while returning from the celebrations at Government House. Both died. The three Chafekar brothers, including Vasudev, were found guilty and hanged).

1940 – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose established the ‘Forward Block’ after differences with Congress leaders.

1941 – Nazi Germany attacked Soviet Union, its ally in the war against Poland. (By the end of the year, German troops had advanced hundreds of miles to the outskirts of Moscow. Soon after the invasion, mobile killing units began the mass murder of Soviet Jews. German military and civilian occupation policies led to the deaths of millions of Soviet prisoners of war and Soviet civilians).

1944 – British 14th Army frees Imphal, Assam (now Manipur).

1946 – Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop ‘hooliganism’ by Whites.

1962 – 1st test flight of a Hovercraft.

1973 – The first Skylab crew of astronauts splashed down safely after a then record 28 days in space.

1990 – Nelson Mandela addresses the United Nations Special Committee against Apartheid in New York, saying that nothing, which has happened in South Africa, calls for a revision of the position that the Organisation has taken in its struggle against apartheid; he adds that a democratic, non-racial SA is within reach.

1990 – Checkpoint Charlie is dismantled. (Checkpoint Charlie was the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War, as named by the Western Allie)s.

2004 – A report, based on a 50-year study of a group of almost 35,000 British doctors who smoked, found that almost half of persistent cigarette smokers were killed by their habit, and a quarter died before age 70. Further, those who quit by age 30 had the same life expectancy as a nonsmoker. Even quitting at age 50 saved six more years of life over those who continued smoking. At age 80, 65% of non-smokers were still alive, but only 32% of smokers.

2020 – Japanese supercomputer Fugaku in Kobe by Riken institute wins world contest to be the fastest (image credit-Riken)

Born….

1932 – Amrish Puri, Bollywood film actor (image credit-Satrgama)

RIP….

1994 – L. V. Prasad, father of South Indian film industry. A Dadasaheb Phalke awardee, he had the unique distinction of acting in the first talkies of three different languages of Indian cinema; Alam Ara (Hindi), Bhakta Prahlada (Telugu) and Kalidas(Tamil)-{Photo credit-IndPaedia}

Titbits….

1981 – Tennis player John McEnroe exhibits a disgraceful act of mis-behavior at Wimbledon.

You may have known.

In the 1800s some metal combinations used as cavity fillings would cause people’s teeth to randomly explode.

{Compiled by Lt. Gen. (R) Raj Kadyan}

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