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Today’s Motto: ‘Well done is better than well said.’

As each day makes a new beginning in life, it brings new opportunities, opens new avenues, to perform and make a mark, to write a Page in History Book!

This is Your Day-TODAY: Take a Determined Step Forward and Make History!

On this day, Jun..03……

1818 – The third and final Maratha War between British & Maratha Confederacy in India ends. (Peshwa Baji Rao II’s forces, supported by those of Mudhoji II Bhonsle of Nagpur and Malharrao Holkar III of Indore, rose against the East India Company. Pressure and diplomacy convinced the fourth major Maratha leader, Daulatrao Shinde of Gwalior, to remain neutral even though he lost control of Rajasthan. British victories were swift, resulting in the breakup of the Maratha Empire and the loss of Maratha independence).

1880 – Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the first wireless telephone message on his newly-invented photophone. The photophone functioned similarly to the telephone; the difference was that the photophone used light as a means for projecting the information, while the telephone used electricity.

1946 – 1st bikini bathing suit displayed (Paris).

1947 – British Government issued the partition plan, which was worked out by Lord Louis Mountbatten in New Delhi and was accepted by both Muslim League and Congress.

1965 – The first American astronaut to make a spacewalk was Major Edward White II, when he spent 20 minutes outside the Gemini 4 capsule during Earth orbit at an altitude of 120 miles. Soviet cosmonaut Aleksei A. Leonov, had made the first ever spacewalk for 10 minutes about three months earlier.

1970 – Har Gobind Khorana and colleagues announced the first synthesis of a gene from chemical components.

1972 – First British -designed Indian-built modern warship of the Leander class, ‘INS Nilgiri’ was commissioned.

(Photo credit- Sondeep Shankar/Getty Images)

1985 – The week comprising of five working days was implemented in Indian Central Government Offices for their staff.

1989 – Beginning of the Tiananmen Square Massacre as Chinese troops open fire on pro-democracy supporters in Beijing.

1999 – Flight Lieutenant K. Nachiketa is handed over by the International Committee of the Red Cross to the Indian High Commissioner inside the High Commission premises. (He was captured by Pakistani troops in Kashmir following ejection from his MiG-27 aircraft after his engine was hit by Pakistani Stinger missile).

2014 – The U.S. government will recognize and provide finances to the new Palestinian government, formed by a coalition of Islamist groups Fatah and Hamas; the U.S. considers Hamas a terrorist group, but officials plan to monitor the new government’s actions to ensure neutrality and commitment to achieving peace with Israel

Born….

1751 – Henry Shrapnel, English soldier and inventor of the Shrapnel shell, a spherical case designed to explode in midair, spreading its content of small lead musket balls to injure enemy soldiers over a wide area.

1890 – Khan Abdul Gafar Khan, follower of Mahatma Gandhi.

1912 – Sohrab Pirojsha Godrej, great industrialist.

1924 – Muthuvel Karunanidhi, politician and playwright.

1930 – George John Fernandes, social reformer and politician.

1962 – Sarika Thakur, actor

1967 – Randeep Surjewala, politician.

RIP….

1989 – Ayatollah Khomeini [Ruhollah Khomeini], Supreme leader of Iran (1979-89).

2013 – Jiah Khan, actor.

You may have known….

Picasso created more than 13,500 paintings and designs, 10,000 prints and engravings, 34,000 book illustrations and 300 sculptures and ceramics – making him one of the world’s most prolific artists.

{Compiled by Lt. Gen. (R) Raj Kadyan}

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