Motto for Today: ‘People aren’t against you, they are for themselves.’

As each day is a new beginning in one's life, it brings new opportunities, opens new avenues, to perform and make a mark, to write a Page in History Books

This is Your Day-TODAY: Take a Determined Step Forward and Make History! 

On this day, Nov.12……..

1732 – Henri Pitot invented an instrument to measure the flow velocity at different depths of water in the river Seine. The belief of the time was that flow velocity at a given depth was proportional to the mass above it, meaning increasing velocity at greater depth. Recording the difference, he showed the opposite was true. (Today, the Pitot tube has an important application in aerodynamics for the measurement of the airspeed of aircraft. the height of the fluid column is proportional to the square of the velocity of the fluid at the depth of the inlet to the pitot tube).

1781 – Nagapatnam of South India was captured by the British troops.

1847 – In Great Britain, Sir James Young Simpson, the father of modern anesthetics, employed chloroform for the first time as an anesthetic in an operation. He was not the first to use chloroform but it was his persistent advocacy which led to its acceptance. Later, as Queen Victoria was to give birth to Prince Leopold (1853), she accepted chloroform for help. There was a great controversy about the morality of whether women should use such anesthetics in childbirth. Victoria’s leadership broke people free from superstition and fear.

1894 – Lawrence Hargrave, the Australian inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together, added a sling seat, and flew – attached to the ground by piano wire. Due to their innate abilities to carry heavy payloads, steady flight, and capacity for high altitude flight these kites have had many industrial and military uses in the past. Box kites were used until the 1930’s to carry meteorological equipment for high altitude weather studies and by the Royal Air Force as sea rescue equipment to deliver radio aerials. Hargrave also made important studies of wing surfaces and worked with rotary engines and gliders.

1926 – The first recorded airplane bombing took place in Williamson County, Illinois, during a feud between rival beer and liquor factions, the Sheltons and the Birgers.

1929 – Commander Richard E. Byrd made the first flight over the South Pole.

1966 – The first photograph was taken from the atmosphere by the satellite Gemini XII.

1969 – Indira Gandhi, who was expelled from Congress for indiscipline during President elections, made a large split and formed her own Congress Party with Jagjivan Ram as President. The party is recognized as Congress (I).

1984 – Rajiv Gandhi elected Congress (I) President.

1990 – Uttar Pradesh Government raises the reservation for Backward Classes in direct recruitment to State Services from 15 to 27 per cent.

2013 – 21 people are killed and 54 are injured in a bombing in Hyderabad.

2014 – The U.S. and China have agreed to cut greenhouse gases, with U.S. President Barack Obama setting a goal of at least a 26 percent reduction over 2005 levels by 2025; China’s Xi Jinping made the nation’s first commitment.

Born….

1896 – Salim (Moizuddin Abdul) Ali, Indian ornithologist, the “birdman of India,” who championed conservation of India’s bio

logical diversity.

1940 – Amjad Khan, actor.

RIP….

1946 – Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, an Indian educationist and politician notable for his role in the Indian independence movement and as the two-time president of Indian National Congress.  He was awarded Bharat Ratna by NDA Govt.  in 2014.

1959 – Keshavrao Marutirao Jedhe, a great leader of Harijans and farmers.

Titbits….

1910- 1st Movie stunt: man jumps into Hudson river from a burning balloon.

You may have known….

Worker ants may live seven years and the queen may live as long as 15 years.

{Compiled by Lt. Gen. (R) Raj Kadyan}

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