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Motto for Today: ‘Happiness is an inside job.’

As each day is a new beginning in one's life, it brings new opportunities, opens new avenues, to perform and make a mark, to write a Page in History Books

This is Your Day-TODAY: Take a Determined Step Forward and Make History! 

On this day, Nov.09……..

1825 – Thomas Drummond made the first practical use of limelight while surveying in Ireland to enable work through misty days and night. He created an intense light from a lump of lime (calcium oxide) heated to incandescent by an oxygenated alcohol flame in front of a reflector. The light penetrated the mist. He attempted to adapt it for lighthouses, but found operation 

too costly. (The bright light given off by heated metal oxides was first investigated in the 1820s by Goldsworthy Gurney who created the oxyhydrogen blowpipe. Limelight was also used not only in theatres, but even for microscope illumination).

1904 – 1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes.

1925 – The confirmation of highly-penetrating radiation from “finite space” was announced by Robert A. Millikan, calling them “cosmic rays.” Earlier tests with high-altitude balloons, or atop mountains, remained inconclusive as to extra-terrestrial origin. The rays, he thought then, could be of local origin from radioactive materials. However, in 1925, measurements he made up to 27-m below Muir Lake (altitude 3540-m) and Lake Arrowhead (alt. 1530-m) showed rays reached given depths in each by comparable amounts. They were possibly the “birth cries” of infant atoms from fusion or electron capture.

1936 – A baby panda was caught in the bamboo forests on the mountains that separate China and Tibet, near Tsaopo, China. The baby panda was named Su Lin (Chinese for “A Little Bit Of Something Precious”), and bottle-fed during journey to the US. As the first giant panda to live in captivity outside China, Su Lin caused a sensation in the media.

1948 – Administration of Mayurbhanj State taken over by the Government of India. Mayurbhanj State (or Morbhanj) was one of the princely states of India dur

ing the period of the British Raj. It was one of the largest states of the Eastern States Agency and one of the three states of the Bengal States Agency. The emblem of the state was two peacocks for according to legend the ancestors of the ancient rulers originated from a peafowl’s eyes).

1957 – Gordon Gould began to write down the principles of what he called a laser in his notebook during a sleepless Saturday night. By Wednesday morning he had a notary witness and date his notebook. Therein, he had described what he called “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation,” or, from those initials, “laser.”

1961 – The X-15 rocket plane achieved a world record speed of 4,093 mph (Mach 6.04) and reached 101,600 feet (30,970 m or over 19 miles) altitude.

1967 – Bhartiya Kranti Dal, a new political party founded.

1990 – Vishwanath Pratap Singh resigned from the post of Prime Minister of India after losing the Vote of Confidence moved against him.

2012 – After a series of self-immolation by Tibetan monks, hundreds of Tibetan monks and students protest against education policies in China’s western Qinghai Province.

2019 – Supreme Court gives judgment on long-pending Ayodhya issue. It concludes: “It is thus concluded on the conclusion that faith and belief of Hindus since prior to construction of Mosque and subsequent thereto has always been that Janmaasthan of Lord Ram is the place where Babri Mosque has been constructed which faith and belief is proved by documentary and oral evidence discussed above.”

2019 – Kartarpur corridor opens allowing worshippers from India to access holy site of Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur in Pakistan without a visa.

1877 – Muhammad Iqbal, Urdu poet.

1924 – Pandit C. R. Vyas, veteran singer.

1968 – Neelam, actor.


1962 – Dhondo Keshav Karve, social reformer whose pioneering contribution to women’s education in India has rarely been surpassed.

2005 – KR Narayanan, 10th President of India. (Narayanan began his career in India as a member of the Indian Foreign Service in the Nehru administration in 1949. He served as ambassador to Japan, United Kingdom, Thailand, Turkey, People’s Republic of China and United States of America and was referred to by Nehru as “the best diplomat of the country”).

2011 – H. Gobind Khorana, an Indian-American biochemist who shared (with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley) the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis.”

You may have known….

Oysters can change from one gender to another and back again depending on which is best for mating.

{Compiled by Lt. Gen. (R) Raj Kadyan}

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