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Motto for Today: If you don’t believe in yourself, why is anyone else going to believe in you?

As each day is a new beginning in one's life, it brings new opportunities, opens new avenues, to perform and make a mark, to write a Page in history Book !

This is Your Day-TODAY: Take a Determined Step Forward and Make History!  

On this day, August 26….

580 – Chinese invent toilet paper. (The use of paper for hygiene purposes has been recorded in China in the 6th century AD, with specifically manufactured toilet paper being mass-produced in the 14th century. Modern commercial toilet paper originated in the 19th century, with a patent for roll-based dispensers being made in 1883).

1346 – The cannon, firing a ground ball, was first used in battle in France. (The earliest cannons, having no more power than the trebuchet, could not bring down the walls by themselves. Their chief effect, in the beginning, was psychological: the burst of fire and loud noise were effective in getting the enemy’s attention, making it impossible for them to forget that their lives were in danger).

1843 – The first U.S. design of a typewriter that successfully typed was issued a patent to Charles Thurber as a “machine for printing by hand by pressing upon keys which contain the type, called “Thurber’s Patent Printer.” However, the machine was slow to use. Two years later, he patented a design for a writing (not typing) machine. On 27 Jun 1857, British Letters Patent were sealed on Thurber’s invention of “An improved calligraph.”

1873 – 1st kindergarten public school opens in St. Louis. (The word kindergarten comes from German {ˈkɪndɐˌɡaːɐ̯tn̩} or listen, which means

literally “garden for the children. It is a preschool educational approach traditionally based on playing, singing, practical activities such as drawing, and social interaction as part of the transition from home to school).

1895 – The large-scale production of electricity using hydropower from Niagara Falls was commercialized.

1909 – An almost perfectly preserved Cro-Magnon man skeleton was discovered by Swiss paleontologist Otto Hauser. At 34,000 years old, the remains provided an example of man’s development leading towards the emergence of Homo sapiens. (Homo sapiens {Latin: “wise man”} is the scientific name for the only extant human species).

1920 – 1st U.S. roller coaster built.

1938 – A tape recorder was used for the first time in the U.S. to send a radio broadcast.

1947 – Nawab of Bhopal announced accession of the Bhopal state to the Indian Dominion.

1955 – 1st colour telecast (NBC) of a tennis match (Davis Cup).

1959 – The Morris Mini-Minor was introduced by the British Motor Corporation. The car, popularly known as the Mini, remains successful. It became a landmark in automotive design because it was only 10 ft long, yet seated four passengers, and one of the lowest priced cars on the market. Its innovative designer, Alec Issigonis, saved space by mounting the engine transversely which eliminated the interior space taken up by a transmission tunnel. Issigonis believed that “when you’re designing a new car for production, never, never copy the opposition.” and created a vehicle that carried the greatest payload in the smallest practical space. It had all-independent suspension, good fuel economy, fast acceleration, maneuverability and ease of parking.

1997 – Indian Employee Provident Fund scheme of 1952 amended to ensure that all PF claims are settled within 30 days from the date of receipt of claims by the PF Commissioner.

2008 – Russia recognizes the independence of the former Georgian breakaway republics Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

2017 – Violent clashes after conviction of spiritual leader Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh kill 31 in Panchkula, 120 admitted to hospital.
Born….

1910 – Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979).

1927 – Bansi Lal, Hindu Jat independence activist, former Chief Minister of Haryana and considered by many to be the architect of modern Haryana.

1956 – Maneka Gandhi, writer, politician.

1966 – Madhur Bhandarkar, film director.

RIP….

1935 – John North Willys, American industrialist whose company ‘Willys Overland’ developed the jeep.

2012 – Ak Hangal, actor.

You may have known….
Flies have 4000 lenses in each eye.

Good morning. Have a nice day.                                                                      {Compiled by Lt. Gen. (R) Raj Kadyan}

{Bhopal Fort pic-credit– Amar Ujala)

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